Al-Fārābī’s “fourth philosophy”

Aziz Hilal PhD in Arabic philosophy icon-calendar Tuesday October 25ᵗʰ, 2016 In his Kitāb al-ǧadal, al-Fārābī (d. 339/950) mentions a “fourth philosophy”. What he intends with this expression is a philosophy that would be adapted to non-specialists, both technicians in a particular given art (medicine, grammar, poetry…) and simple people

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